Also known as endodontic treatment, is the dental procedure indicated when the pulp tissue (nerve of the tooth) becomes inflamed or infected by bacteria due to different causes like: deep decay, micro-leakage of fillings or crowns, repeated dental procedures and cracked teeth.
During root canal treatment, the endodontist examines the tooth, then administers local anesthetic. Once the tooth is numb, a small protective sheet (dental rubber dam) will be placed over the area to isolate the tooth and keep it clean and dry during the procedure. The endodontist makes an opening in the crown of the tooth to remove the inflamed or infected pulp (nerve of the tooth) and thoroughly cleans and shapes the inside of the tooth, then fills and seals the canals to avoid future reinfection.
After the root canal treatment, you will return to your dentist, who will place crown or other restoration on the tooth, in order to protect and restore it to full function.